Human trafficking is modern-day slavery. By definition, it is the illegal trade of human beings for the purpose of reproductive slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, or forced labor.
It is estimated that California is amongst the top three states in the nation for human trafficking, with Sacramento being the state’s major hub for this illicit enterprise. Given Tahoe-Truckee Region’s close proximity to Sacramento, it is believed by experts that the region sits on an important “trade route.”
Trafficking can involve school-age children—particularly those not living with their parents—who are vulnerable to coerced labor exploitation, domestic servitude, or commercial sexual exploitation (i.e., prostitution).
Sex traffickers target children because of their vulnerability and gullibility, as well as the market demand for young victims. Those who recruit minors into prostitution violate federal anti-trafficking laws, even if there is no coercion or movement across state lines. The children at risk are not just high school students—studies demonstrate that “Johns” prey on victims as young as 12. Traffickers have been reported targeting their minor victims through telephone chat-lines, the Internet, clubs, on the street, through friends, and at malls, as well as using girls to recruit other girls at schools and after-school programs.
Types of Human Trafficking:
- Forced labor or involuntary servitude
- Bonded labor or debt bondage
- Involuntary domestic servitude
- Forced child labor includes involuntary servitude, debt; bondage, or slavery
- Sex trafficking occur alongside debt bondage
- Child sexual exploitation including commercial sexual exploitation
For more information, please visit the National Human Trafficking Resource Center web site.